IntroductionA small, diverse nation in Eastern Europe. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia and Montenegro to the east. It has a very small coast, only about 20 km long.
Bosnia and Herzegovina has had a very rough political history. During the early 1900s, it was a territory of the Ottoman Empire. It was then conquered and became a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. After WW1, it, along with several other territories, were unified to become the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. After WW2, it became a part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.